The American Revolution — had a significant impact on shaping Nova Scotia. By the end of the war Nova Scotia had outfitted a number of privateers to attack American shipping. The Mi'kmaq signed a series of peace and friendship treaties with Great Britain , beginning after Father Rale's War However the migration also caused political tensions between Loyalist leaders and the leaders of the existing New England Planters settlement. Initially, Nova Scotia—"the 14th American Colony" as some called it—displayed ambivalence over whether the colony should join the more southern colonies in their defiance of Britain, and rebellion flared at the Battle of Fort Cumberland and at the Siege of Saint John In , the British signed a treaty or "agreement" with the Mi'kmaq, but the authorities[ which?
The British administration divided Nova Scotia and carved out the present-day province of New Brunswick in While the British captured many American privateers in battles such as the Naval battle off Halifax , many more continued attacks on shipping and settlements until the final months of the war. This church at Grand Pre, Nova Scotia, commemorates the beginning of the Acadian expulsion where the men were gathered to hear their fate from the British in These American raids alienated many sympathetic or neutral Nova Scotians into supporting the British. The fame Nova Scotia achieved from sailors was assured when Joshua Slocum became the first man to sail single-handedly around the world By the end of the war Nova Scotia had outfitted a number of privateers to attack American shipping. Almost three months later, in the election of September 18, , the Anti-Confederation Party won 18 out of 19 federal seats, and 36 out of 38 seats in the provincial legislature. Nova Scotia became a world leader in both building and owning wooden sailing ships in the second half of the 19th century. Throughout the war, American privateers devastated the maritime economy by capturing ships and looting almost every community outside of Halifax. During this century, Nova Scotia became the first colony in British North America and in the British Empire to achieve responsible government in January—February and become self-governing through the efforts of Joseph Howe. International attention continued into the following century with the many racing victories of the Bluenose schooner. The Loyalist influx also pushed Nova Scotia's Mi'kmaq People to the margins as Loyalist land grants encroached on ill-defined native lands. The Mi'kmaq signed a series of peace and friendship treaties with Great Britain , beginning after Father Rale's War As part of the Loyalist migration, about 3, Black Loyalists arrived; they founded the largest free Black settlement in North America at Birchtown , near Shelburne. In , the British signed a treaty or "agreement" with the Mi'kmaq, but the authorities[ which? The Royal Navy struggled to maintain British supply lines, defending convoys from American and French attacks as in the fiercely fought convoy battle, the Naval battle off Cape Breton After the Thirteen Colonies and their French allies forced the British forces to surrender , approximately 33, Loyalists the King's Loyal Americans, allowed to place " United Empire Loyalist " after their names settled in Nova Scotia 14, of them in what became New Brunswick on lands granted by the Crown as some compensation for their losses. The Loyalist exodus created new communities across Nova Scotia, including Shelburne , which briefly became one of the larger British settlements in North America, and infused Nova Scotia with additional capital and skills. The year period of war ended with the Burial of the Hatchet Ceremony between the British and the Mi'kmaq Nova Scotia's economy boomed during the Civil War. However, unfair treatment and harsh conditions caused about one-third of the Black Loyalists to resettle in Sierra Leone in , where they founded Freetown and became known in Africa as the Nova Scotian Settlers. Many of the U. However the British navy failed to establish naval supremacy. It commemorates the —55 Siege of Sevastopol. However the migration also caused political tensions between Loyalist leaders and the leaders of the existing New England Planters settlement.
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