The South African Police Service has a Human Trafficking Desk within its Organized Crime Unit; the government did not provide information related to actions or investigations taken by the Desk during the reporting period. It conducted no anti-trafficking information or education campaigns during the reporting period. Trends and patterns of human trafficking in Africa As in the rest of the developed and developing world, trafficking is one of the largest profit makers for organized crime in Africa5. Various categories of trafficking operations have been identified: Of the countries and territories it rated, the report put 52 of them on its watch list, up from 40 the year before — a 30 percent increase. Women and children tend to be the most vulnerable to human trafficking as they often carry the burden of poverty.
Also, not only poor people are infected or affected by HIV. The Tier 2 countries are reported to be making significant efforts to bring themselves into compliance with the standards but do not fully meet the minimum. The lack of national coordination and procedures for victim protection continued to lead to deportation of most foreign victims before they were provided protective services or were able to give evidence in court. Trafficking is one of the largest profit makers for organized crime in Africa. The most lucrative part of the trafficking of women and children involves sex trafficking. People are trafficked to Europe, the Middle East and other countries in Africa for the purposes of forced labour, domestic servitude, and sexual exploitation. She helped establish special protection units in Moroccan courts for women and children and later drafted new legal procedures to extend these protections to all trafficking victims, the report said. Police referred an unknown number of internal child trafficking victims to local NGO -run shelters during the reporting period. Ethiopian women and girls who migrate to Lebanon, Egypt, Yemen and Saudi Arabia suffer from maltreatment, physical, sexual and emotional abuses Pretoria News, October 21, Criminal activities include not only drug trafficking, which is the biggest source of income, but also trafficking in weapons, nuclear material, illegal immigrants, women and children, and finally money laundering. The worst African offenders include: Evidence suggests that virtually no countries in Africa are immune from trafficking. While it is beyond the scope of this paper to provide an analysis of trafficking in all 54 African countries, an attempt will be made to present a broad overview of the main features of trafficking in sub-Saharan Africa, particularly Southern Africa, by focusing on the predominant forms of trafficking characterizing different regions. Despite this positive development, the government continued to arrest and, at times, prosecute suspected trafficking victims for unlawful acts committed as a direct result of their being trafficked, as noted in the aforementioned case of the 27 Chinese women. However, in December , several sections of the Sexual Offenses Amendment Act came into force, including Chapter 7 Part 6 which contains broad provisions against sex trafficking, but makes no provision for victim protection. Women and children tend to be the most vulnerable to human trafficking as they often carry the burden of poverty. The four routes of child trafficking identified are: At the same time, the region hosts 11 million children who are orphaned due to the epidemic, which means that eight out of ten AIDS orphans worldwide live in sub-Saharan Africa. In addition, extensive delays in scheduling court appearances have resulted in some alleged victims choosing not to testify during the trial of their traffickers. As some parents give consent for the initial travel, the Cape Town magistrate's court in December dismissed charges against a man accused of trafficking boys to the city for street vending and detaining them against their will without pay. In January , however, the government signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Zimbabwean government to conduct a joint project to regularize the status of illegal Zimbabwean migrant farm workers in South Africa's Limpopo Province and ensure them proper employment conditions. Organizations working to help trafficked children continued to lament South Africa's shortage of social workers, a situation resulting in inadequate case monitoring and follow-up, and failure in some cases to accompany children to court. Sebelo Sibanda, of Lawyers for Human Rights in Musina has admitted that he has seen suspicious changes in a Migration that might number between one and more than three million people. Globalization has provided the thrust to both those who wish to migrate and those who traffic the unwilling. Prosecutions[ edit ] Although the government initiated a number of significant investigations during the reporting period, it made little progress in prosecuting or convicting suspected traffickers. Of the countries and territories it rated, the report put 52 of them on its watch list, up from 40 the year before — a 30 percent increase.
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